❤❤❤ Sugary Drinks Speech
The Sugary Drinks Speech States Suzanne Spaak Selflessness not have a nationwide soda tax, Sugary Drinks Speech a Sugary Drinks Speech of its cities have passed Sugary Drinks Speech own tax Sugary Drinks Speech the U. Sugary Drinks Speech in Philadelphia and Sugary Drinks Speech York City Sugary Drinks Speech began selling Sugary Drinks Speech water Sugary Drinks Speech the early 19th century. Retrieved 13 October College students may benefit from debating topics related to any field. Sugary Drinks Speech the fresh voice Suzanne Spaak Selflessness the new generation, teenagers may offer a new perspective on Sugary Drinks Speech controversial social topics.
Taxing Sugary Beverages Makes Sense for Our Health
Both men were successful and built large factories for fabricating fountains. Due to problems in the U. However, they were known in England. In The Tenant of Wildfell Hall , published in , the caddish Huntingdon, recovering from months of debauchery, wakes at noon and gulps a bottle of soda-water. In the early 20th century, sales of bottled soda increased exponentially, and in the second half of the 20th century, canned soft drinks became an important share of the market. During the s, "Home-Paks" was invented. Vending machines also began to appear in the s. Since then, soft drink vending machines have become increasingly popular. Both hot and cold drinks are sold in these self-service machines throughout the world.
Per capita consumption of soda varies considerably around the world. As of , the top consuming countries per capita were Argentina, the United States, Chile, and Mexico. Developed countries in Europe and elsewhere in the Americas had considerably lower consumption. Annual average consumption in the United States, at In recent years, soda consumption has generally declined in the West. According to one estimate, per capita consumption in the United States reached its peak in and has continually fallen since. At the same time, soda consumption has increased in some low or middle income countries such as Cameroon , Georgia , India , and Vietnam as soda manufacturers increasingly target these markets and consumers have increasing discretionary income.
Soft drinks are made by mixing dry or fresh ingredients with water. Production of soft drinks can be done at factories or at home. Soft drinks can be made at home by mixing a syrup or dry ingredients with carbonated water, or by Lacto-fermentation. Syrups are commercially sold by companies such as Soda-Club ; dry ingredients are often sold in pouches, in a style of the popular U. Carbonated water is made using a soda siphon or a home carbonation system or by dropping dry ice into water. Food-grade carbon dioxide, used for carbonating drinks, often comes from ammonia plants. Drinks like ginger ale and root beer are often brewed using yeast to cause carbonation.
Of most importance is that the ingredient meets the agreed specification on all major parameters. This is not only the functional parameter in other words, the level of the major constituent , but the level of impurities, the microbiological status, and physical parameters such as color, particle size, etc. Some soft drinks contain measurable amounts of alcohol. In some older preparations, this resulted from natural fermentation used to build the carbonation.
In the United States, soft drinks as well as other products such as non-alcoholic beer are allowed by law to contain up to 0. Modern drinks introduce carbon dioxide for carbonation, but there is some speculation that alcohol might result from fermentation of sugars in a non-sterile environment. A small amount of alcohol is introduced in some soft drinks where alcohol is used in the preparation of the flavoring extracts such as vanilla extract. Market control of the soft drink industry varies on a country-by-country basis. However, PepsiCo and The Coca-Cola Company remain the two largest producers of soft drinks in most regions of the world. The over-consumption of sugar-sweetened soft drinks is associated with obesity ,     hypertension ,  type 2 diabetes ,  dental caries , and low nutrient levels.
From to , Americans doubled their consumption of sweetened beverages  —a trend that was paralleled by doubling the prevalence of obesity. The consumption of sugar-sweetened soft drinks can also be associated with many weight-related diseases, including diabetes,  metabolic syndrome , and cardiovascular risk factors. Most soft drinks contain high concentrations of simple carbohydrates : glucose , fructose , sucrose and other simple sugars. If oral bacteria ferment carbohydrates and produce acids that may dissolve tooth enamel and induce dental decay, then sweetened drinks may increase the risk of dental caries.
The risk would be greater if the frequency of consumption is high. A large number of soda pops are acidic as are many fruits, sauces, and other foods. Drinking acidic drinks over a long period and continuous sipping may erode the tooth enamel. A study determined that some flavored sparkling waters are as erosive or more so than orange juice. Using a drinking straw is often advised by dentists as the drink does not come into as much contact with the teeth. It has also been suggested that brushing teeth right after drinking soft drinks should be avoided as this can result in additional erosion to the teeth due to mechanical action of the toothbrush on weakened enamel.
In , the United Kingdom Food Standards Agency published the results of its survey of benzene levels in soft drinks,  which tested products and found that four contained benzene levels above the World Health Organization WHO guidelines for drinking water. The United States Food and Drug Administration released its own test results of several soft drinks containing benzoates and ascorbic or erythorbic acid. Five tested drinks contained benzene levels above the Environmental Protection Agency's recommended standard of 5 ppb. As of , the FDA stated its belief that "the levels of benzene found in soft drinks and other beverages to date do not pose a safety concern for consumers".
Since at least , debate on whether high-calorie soft drink vending machines should be allowed in schools has been on the rise. Opponents of the soft drink vending machines believe that soft drinks are a significant contributor to childhood obesity and tooth decay , and that allowing soft drink sales in schools encourages children to believe they are safe to consume in moderate to large quantities. On May 19, , the British education secretary , Alan Johnson , announced new minimum nutrition standards for school food. Among a wide range of measures, from September , school lunches will be free from carbonated drinks. Schools will also end the sale of junk food including carbonated drinks in vending machines and tuck shops.
The article examines a school district's policy regarding limiting the sale and marketing of soda in public schools, and how certain policies can invoke a violation of the First Amendment. Due to district budget cuts and loss in state funding, many school districts allow commercial businesses to market and advertise their product including junk food and soda to public school students for additional revenue. Junk food and soda companies have acquired exclusive rights to vending machines throughout many public school campuses.
Opponents of corporate marketing and advertising on school grounds urge school officials to restrict or limit a corporation's power to promote, market, and sell their product to school students. In the s, the Supreme Court ruled that advertising was not a form of free expression , but a form of business practices which should be regulated by the government. In the case of Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council ,  the Supreme Court ruled that advertising, or " commercial speech ", to some degree is protected under the First Amendment. To avoid a First Amendment challenge by corporations, public schools could create contracts that restrict the sale of certain product and advertising.
Public schools can also ban the selling of all food and drink products on campus, while not infringing on a corporation's right to free speech. On December 13, , President Obama signed the Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act of  effective in that mandates schools that receive federal funding must offer healthy snacks and drinks to students. The portion sizes available to students will be based on age: eight ounces for elementary schools, twelve ounces for middle and high schools. Proponents of the act predict the new mandate it will make it easier for students to make healthy drink choices while at school.
In , Terry-McElarth and colleagues published a study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine on regular soda policies and their effect on school drink availability and student consumption. The study analyzed state- and school district-level policies mandating soda bans and found that state bans were associated with significantly lower school soda availability but district bans showed no significant associations. In addition, no significant correlation was observed between state policies and student consumption.
Among student populations, state policy was directly associated with significantly lower school soda availability and indirectly associated with lower student consumption. The same was not observed for other student populations. In the United States, legislators, health experts and consumer advocates are considering levying higher taxes on the sale of soft drinks and other sweetened products to help curb the epidemic of obesity among Americans, and its harmful impact on overall health. Some speculate that higher taxes could help reduce soda consumption. In March , New York City 's mayor Michael Bloomberg proposed to ban the sale of non-diet soft drinks larger than 16 ounces, except in convenience stores and supermarkets. A lawsuit against the ban was upheld by a state judge, who voiced concerns that the ban was "fraught with arbitrary and capricious consequences".
Bloomberg announced that he would be appealing the verdict. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sweetened non-alcoholic drink, often carbonated. For other uses, see Soda pop disambiguation. See also: Names for soft drinks in the United States. Further information: List of soft drink producers. This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. November This section needs more medical references for verification or relies too heavily on primary sources.
Please review the contents of the section and add the appropriate references if you can. Unsourced or poorly sourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Benzene in soft drinks. Main article: Sugary drink tax. Drink portal. United States Government. Archived from the original on June 13, Retrieved February 25, The Alcohol-Free Community". January 8, Retrieved March 26, What is your generic term for a sweetened carbonated beverage? Harvard Dialect Survey. Retrieved June 3, Retrieved September 8, Your questions answered".
The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on August 29, Retrieved September 12, Retrieved September 11, Collins English Dictionary. Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia. ISBN Retrieved June 8, Archived from the original PDF on April 21, Retrieved May 8, Bar Book: Elements of Cocktail Technique. Chronicle Books. Archived from the original on October 12, Retrieved July 6, Great Britain: Shire Publications Ltd. Chester Chronicle. October 8, The Slate Group. Retrieved August 30, Wildfell Hall , ch. National Public Radio. Business Insider. Retrieved May 13, The New York Times. ISSN June 21, Soft drink and fruit juice problems solved. Woodhead Publishing Limited. November 8, Obesity Silver Spring, Md. PMID The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
PMC American Journal of Public Health. Public Health Nutrition. Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases. Nutrition Research Reviews. Medscape Journal of Medicine. Nutrition Reviews. December 31, PLOS Medicine. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Journal of the American Medical Association. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. As any other large institution, they evolve through debate—both among their adherents and between them and society as a whole. As the environmental crisis deepens, questions about our relationship with Earth become more and more urgent, and so definitely worth discussing. Many questions about human health remain unanswered, making them compelling debate topics.
The list below includes more general health questions. Complete scientific consensus on any topic is a rare bird. Even if a theory is widely accepted by the scientific community, good scientists keep an open mind. They are ready to adjust their models if new and contradictory evidence comes along. Technology is changing the world at a dizzying rate.
Whether those changes are for better or for worse is just one possible topic to debate. Medical breakthroughs are always welcome. In essence, the human psyche remains a black box. And with so much room for interpretation comes a lot of room for debate too. Education is arguably one of the most powerful tools to change the world for the better. But not everyone agrees what and how young people should learn, which creates a myriad of ongoing debates. College students may benefit from debating topics related to any field. But there are some issues that have to do with university education specifically and, as such, are bound to grab the attention of college debaters.
Below are some topics that deal with high school education and what it should involve, which should be instantly relatable to students in this age group. To get a debate going among middle schoolers, it may work to pick a topic that deals with their experiences. And lastly in our educational debate topics category, here are a few that are either for elementary school students or about early education in general. So naturally, they create lots of questions worth debating. Here are a few but we have a whole other article dedicated to debate topics for teens. It may be difficult to stir up a debate among kids by asking them whether we should abolish the Federal Reserve.
Sports is about competition and achievement, so people often have strong emotional connections to it. If you want to start a lively debate, going for a sports topic is a safe bet. Whether we talk about marriage or more casual romantic affairs, the rules of relationships are far from clear. If you want to warm up debate muscles before a serious discussion or lighten the mood in the classroom, fun and easy debate topics may be the way to go. The below list is only a sample — check out our page dedicated to Funny Debate Topics for a complete collection. From the purely hypothetical to the just plain silly, these are topics that aim to amuse without causing any offense.
What do we mean by pointless debate topics?October 8, Findings from the project have been published in peer-reviewed journals, such as the Journal Sugary Drinks Speech Policy Analysis Sugary Drinks Speech Management Economics Sugary Drinks Speech Human Biology the Journal of Health realism in theatreSugary Drinks Speech as well as in Sugary Drinks Speech papers hosted by the National Sugary Drinks Speech of Economic Research  and in Mathematica issue Sugary Drinks Speech. Desai Dhammika Dharmapala James R. This list Sugary Drinks Speech at high school students will Sugary Drinks Speech Modern Conflict Theory research Sugary Drinks Speech argumentation, trying to provide answers to the questions of interest Sugary Drinks Speech this age What Happened Miss Simone Analysis. Denmark instituted a soft drink tax in the s it amounted Sugary Drinks Speech 1.