✎✎✎ Three Main Components Of The Criminal Justice System
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Components of Criminal Justice System - MODULE 1: Lesson 3
Learn More. The program takes a dual focus on traditional criminal justice issues and social justice. Once admitted, you can graduate by completing between units within 13 months ten eight-week modules with breaks. Our faculty and lecturers come from a variety of backgrounds, including law enforcement, criminal law, local government, non-profit organizations, and academia. Job Postings Last 12 months , Over the past years, employment numbers for individuals with a B. There are job opportunities in a wide range of fields, from security and law enforcement to business intelligence and legal support. Compensation is largely dependent on your experience and profession. Our program touches on many topics. Our graduates have gone to serve in local law enforcement offices, government agencies, non-profit organizations, and private businesses across the country.
Our degree completion program is designed for busy students. With just three online courses every eight weeks, you can earn your criminal justice degree on your schedule. Our courses are taught by the same faculty members who teach on-campus. Scroll to see more information. Schedule is subject to change. Once admitted, please refer to your degree evaluation to determine if there are any remaining degree requirements listed in the SDSU General Catalog for your major, as well as requirements outlined in your degree evaluation. If you have any questions, your Admissions Advisor is here to help. Below is a list of general admission requirements for the B. We understand that every student's academic journey is unique, and we encourage you to contact one of our Student Service Representatives to find out what you'll need to successfully apply to the program.
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For more detailed admission requirements and other application information, please consult our Transfer Admissions Information. Students are getting an identical curriculum to students on campus at SDSU. They'll also get a big dose of Public Administration classes and leave with a minor in Public Administration. Overview Courses How To Apply. Total Estimated Cost. Completion Time. Course Format. Labor Analysis B. IT Managers 5. Why Should You Choose Us? Flexibility Our program touches on many topics. Convenience Our degree completion program is designed for busy students. I created hypothetical utilitarian guidelines based on my knowledge of how drug crimes are currently categorized e.
Next, by answering its questions, I determined whether the utility calculus would permit certain punishments. I answered these questions, such as those asking about the duration and extent of pain caused by each respective punishment, to the best of my ability, considering the subjectivity and difficulty associated with using the utility calculus. To compensate for this complexity, I kept an overarching utilitarian goal in mind: maximizing happiness. I then evaluated whether each proposed utilitarian punishment, recommended by the standard sentencing guidelines, would have a positive or negative effect on society. One type of punishment I considered was for people convicted of using a small amount of an illegal substance.
For this crime, my hypothetical sentencing guideline would consist of three components: 1 a small fine, 2 education, and 3 minimal rehabilitation and medical care if needed. Figure 1. A table depicting how I organized the different aspects of a hypothetical utilitarian punishment for minimal amounts of substance abuse. I included a fine in my hypothetical sentencing guideline to serve as a deterrent to engaging in substance abuse, both to prevent the offender from engaging in substance abuse in the future and to serve as a threat to prevent the general public from engaging in such criminal behavior.
The fine would also be designed to cover the costs associated with the arrest and punishment of the convict to alleviate this financial burden on taxpayers. This punishment is supported by utilitarianism because the happiness of the taxpayers would increase in proportion to the decrease of their taxes. The happiness of the offender and people who would potentially consider committing a crime in the future would also increase because they would be deterred from consuming illegal substances. Second, after undergoing governmental education programs on the harmful repercussions of consuming illicit drugs, the offender would be less likely to engage in substance abuse in the future.
Education typically causes minimal pain and has the possibility of creating an extreme amount of long-term happiness if convicts learn to change their behavior. The financial cost of education typically is not extravagant and does not outweigh the long-term positives and happiness that education produces. Education as punishment would be justified under utilitarianism because there would be little financial harm and the possibility of the great positive effect of reducing crime. The third component of my hypothetical guideline, rehabilitation or medical care, would be used in cases where the offender exhibited signs of addiction or suffered health problems related to drug use.
The rehabilitation would be designed to stop the addiction before the onset of a more serious problem. Medical care would be provided to help the individual recover from any physical harm caused by the illicit substance, including withdrawal symptoms. After rehabilitation, the individual would be in an improved physical and mental state; therefore, the temptation to use the illicit drug would be reduced and the happiness of the offender would increase. Thus, the pain associated with the financial cost of such programs would be mitigated by the long-term happiness the offender experienced. Even though I designed my sentencing guidelines using utilitarian principles, as described for a drug-use crime above, it is impossible for any standard sentencing guideline to properly address the complexities of every criminal case.
Consider how a utilitarian sentencing guideline for selling illegal drugs would punish a single mother in poverty who is coerced by gang members into selling drugs and is caught by law enforcement. Despite the extenuating circumstances of the case, a judge in a utilitarian system would have little choice but to issue the standard sentence recommended by the utility calculus. For instance, a reasonable utilitarian sentencing guideline for drug dealers could include a large fine to cover the rehabilitation costs of those to whom they sold drugs; however, it would be unreasonable and unethical to expect the single mother in poverty to pay this large fine when she was coerced into selling drugs.
Therefore, standard utilitarian sentencing guidelines should not be permitted because of their inability to provide ethical and just punishments for every complex and individual criminal case. I came to the conclusion that implementing utilitarian values within the US justice system, rather than applying the utility calculus or utilitarian standard sentencing guidelines, would have the most beneficial effect.
By integrating the utilitarian value of happiness and unconventional punishments, such as rehabilitation and education, the happiness of convicts and society in general could increase. This implementation would be drafted by legislators aiming to include the utilitarian value of creating happiness when possible as a comprehensive goal for the US criminal justice system, similar to how many Scandinavian countries have the goal of humane treatment and reintegration into society Zoukis As a result, the focus of punishment would likely change from incarceration to rehabilitation.
Treating offenders in a humane fashion dedicated to reintegration into society, by means such as education or job training, would result in happier offenders with lower recidivism rates and a better chance of future success Zoukis Phillips of the District of Columbia. These charges and the associated penalties make clear that the FBI will continue to investigate such violations. After leaving U. Company U. Company One that provided cyber services to a U. Company One, the U. Persons i. In January , after receiving an offer for higher compensation and an expanded budget, the defendants joined U. Prior to their departure, U. CO without obtaining a separate TAA. After joining U.
CO, the defendants sought continued access to U. Between January and November , the defendants and other U. Company Two to obtain remote, unauthorized access to any of the tens of millions of smartphones and mobile devices utilizing a U.The SlideShare family just got bigger. P A Nonprofit Organizations and Government. Focus on Effective Prisoner Reentry and the Three Main Components Of The Criminal Justice System of Incarceration: Each year, more Three Main Components Of The Criminal Justice Systemindividuals are released from state and federal prisons.